Keogh Plan

A Keogh Plan—pronounced kee-yo—is a type of retirement plan set up by self-employed individuals and their employees. First established by the Self-Employed Individuals Tax Retirement Act of 1962, Keogh Plans can be established by sole proprietorships, partnerships and limited liability companies as a tax-advantaged way to save for retirement. They are not for use by … Continued

Bear Market

A bear market is a period of consistently falling stock prices. Generally, a bear market is characterized by a 20 percent or greater decline in stock prices extending over a time frame of two months or longer. The shift in prices is measured using the movements of a major stock index, such as the Dow … Continued


A dividend is an amount of money that a company distributes to its shareholders on a periodic basis. Dividends are often paid out quarterly, although they may also be paid annually. A dividend can take the form of a cash payment, shares of stock or other property. Typically, dividends are calculated in a dollar amount … Continued

Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI)

Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) represents your adjusted gross income (AGI), with the addition of certain deductions. Your AGI is your gross income less any allowable deductions, such as for retirement-plan contributions, student loan interest and health insurance premiums paid by self-employed individuals. Calculating Your MAGI Determining your MAGI is a three-step process. First figure … Continued

Bull Market

Generally, a bull market is a period of sustained rising prices. A bull market most often refers to positive movements in the stock market, although it can also be used to describe rises in other tradeable securities, such as bonds, commodities and currencies. Bull vs. Bear A bull market is the opposite of a bear … Continued